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Author Guidelines

Submit manuscripts online only by registering as a user. Be sure to select "author" as a role during the registration process. If you already have an account, but have not selected author as a role, please log in and click on the Edit Profile link to add "author" to your roles. When you have done this, a New Submission link will appear in your profile.

Images (photos, graphics, tables and charts) within the article should also be uploaded as supplementary files in .jpg format.

File types: Articles should be submitted in Microsoft Word file types to allow for editing/commentary.

Number of words: in education limits submissions to between 5000 and 8000 words; however, the digital format does enable editors to be flexible with length of submissions.

Multi-Media: in education encourages the use of images, video, etc.

Spelling: The Canadian Oxford English Dictionary is to be used as the guideline for in education.

Submissions to in education should be follow the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition, 2010 formatting standards.

Short List of APA formatting requirements:

(This List has drawn from the 6th Edition of Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association; a variety of websites and online documents including:; John P. Dugan, Loyola University of Chicago; and Publication Manual)

Paragraph Indentation: 5 - 7 spaces

Titles: (Page 1 of your article) recommended length is no more than 12 words. Upper and lower case letters, centred and positioned on the upper half of the cover page.

Abstract: (Page 2 of your article)include a brief, comprehensive summary of the contents and purpose of the article/research.

Introduction: (Page 3 of your article) Because the introduction is clearly identified by its postiion in the manuscript, it DOES NOT carry a heading labeling it the introduction.

No Running Head: Several changes have been made to the formatting of this.
When an article is accepted for publication with in education, please DO NOT INCLUDE a running head

Headings (APA p. 62): Have been simplified to five sequential levels. Note that the title of the paper appears on the first page (centered and in upper and lower case letters), but does not count as a level of heading.

The headings are as follows:

Centered, Bold, Upper and Lower Case Heading

Left Justified, Bold, Upper and Lower Case Heading

     Indented, bold, lower case, paragraph heading ending with a period.

     Indented, bold, italics, lower case paragraph heading ending with a period.

     Indented, italics, lower case paragraph heading ending with a period.

Endnotes not footnotes: Because this journal is published online in html format, authors should use endnotes instead of footnotes. There are no pages in html.

Bias (APA p.71): A more detailed section is provided with key changes relating to the degree to which authors are specific both in the identification of populations and sub-populations as well as in “loaded” terms (e.g., at-risk) that are open to misinterpretation.

Citations: Repeated Citation of Same Source in Same Paragraph (pp. 174-175): In APA 5th Edition the year is dropped when the same source is used in the same paragraph and cannot be confused with other sources. In APA 6th Edition, if the name of an author appears as part of the narrative (i.e., in text) then the year follows in parentheses and it is not necessary to include the year again when the author’s name is repeated in the narrative of the same paragraph and cannot be confused with any other citations in the same paragraph. But, any parenthetical references (i.e., the citation appears in parentheses) in the same paragraph should include the year.


In a recent study of reaction times, Walker (2000) found no interaction amongst variables in the cross-sectional data. Walker’s research supports the work of others studying similar variables (James & King, 2004; Salinger, 1999). However, interactions among variables were identified in the longitudinal data (Walker, 2000).

However, if the full citation appears in parentheses first, subsequent citations should always present the year along with the author’s last name.


In a recent study of reaction times, no interaction amongst variables in the cross-sectional data (Walker, 2000). Walker’s (2000) research supports the work of others studying similar variables (James & King, 2004; Salinger, 1999). However, interactions among variables were identified in the longitudinal data (Walker, 2000).

Publisher Location (p. 186): You are required to list the publisher’s city and state for all books. Note that APA 5th Edition allowed for the use of only the city for common publication cities (e.g., New York, Los Angeles, San Francisco). There is no mention of this in the 6th Edition and a statement to always provide the city and state. However, if you look closely at the 6th Edition’s examples they consistently omit the state for Los Angeles, but seemingly provide it for all other cities.

Sources with Six or More Authors in the Reference List - Not in Text (p. 184): For references with six or seven authors, list all of them in the reference citation. For references with eight or more authors, list the first six authors, then insert three ellipses, and add the last author’s name.

Example: [hanging indent] Engberg, M., Dugan, J. P., Haworth, J., Williams, T., Kelly, B., Johnson, W., … Stewart, S. (2009). Navigating the complexity of higher education preparation program administration. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Electronic Sources in Reference List (p. 187): A key addition to APA 6th Edition is an expanded section on citing electronic sources. Central to this in a reference list is the inclusion of digital object identifiers (DOIs). These are codes assigned to many, but not all, electronically published sources that allow for the more accurate retrieval of electronic documents. They are sometimes found on the actual electronic document (e.g., PDF), but may also be listed in the retrieval system (e.g., web database listing). Any sources that are retrieved electronically and provide a DOI should list it following the sample below:

[hanging indent] Avolio, B. J., & Gardner, W. L. (2005). Authentic leadership development: Getting to the roots of positive forms of leadership. Leadership Quarterly, 16, 315-338. doi:10.1016/j.leaqua.2005.03.001

If no doi is assigned to the online document, include the homepage URL for the periodical. Also note that the retrieval date for electronic sources is no longer listed in the reference list:

[hanging indent] Avolio, B. J., & Gardner, W. L. (2005). Authentic leadership development: Getting to the roots of positive forms of leadership. Leadership Quarterly, 16, 315-338. Retrieved from

The reference list must only list those works that have been cited in the paper. Please ensure that in text citations match correctly with references listed.

Punctuation: should follow the APA 6th ed. guide unless there is a significant reason not to in the presentation of the work. (please provide rationale for not following APA guidelines).

Quotations: When a direct quotation is used, always include the author, year, and page number as part of the citation.

A. A quotation of fewer than 40 words should be enclosed in double quotation marks and should be incorporated into the formal structure of the sentence. Consider the following example:

Lewis suggests that, “we encounter narrative throughout our lives in our conversations, in our reading, and in our views and experiences of the world. We live in a storied world” (2007 p. 2).

B. A lengthier quotation of 40 or more words should appear (without quotation marks) apart from the surrounding text, in block format, with each line indented five spaces from the left margin as in the following example:

Stories are recreative, they contain universal themes that transcend place and cut across time and space through the ever-changing, ever-evolving human condition. Birth, love, pain, fear, joy, loss, hope, revelation and death, are just some of the ingredients that help create story. Stories provide a group with an organizing structure and belief system. These stories depict themes of eternal concern. (Lewis, 2007, p. 3)



Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in Microsoft Word document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is double-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end. All .jpg photos are placed within the document at appropriate point, and uploaded as a separate supplementary file.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Copyright Notice

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

  1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
  2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
  3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).


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